They start gradually to construct knowledge and transform their curiosities into thoughts and questions. However, in my experience as a science teacher 18 years and a science program director 3 years in inner-city high schools in Boston, students do not have the opportunity to engage in robust authentic inquiry activities. Inquiry is the process that governs how students learn within the contents of science education. They should be able to ask questions, use their questions to plan and conduct a scientific investigation, use appropriate science tools and scientific techniques, evaluate evidence and use it logically to construct several alternative explanations, and communicate.
In the K curriculum the development of scientifically, technologically, and environmentally literate and productive members of society who are critical problem solvers, responsible stewards of nature, innovative and creative citizens, informed decision makers and effective communicators is the Science curriculum goal. To carry out this goal, the teaching of science has to be.
Rather, we draw upon our knowledge and understanding in each area as we explore, investigate, and learn each day: "Just as scientists use mathematics and language arts as tools, children should have opportunities to apply and enhance their mathematics, reading, and writing skills while investigating the natural world" Bass, Contant, and Carin, , p. The integration of teaching and learning programs within the context of inquiry learning, are a key components.
Through the course, I gain knowledge which allows me better understand how to meet the educational needs of these atypical learners. During the course, I created an application assignment with a teaching tool that meets the needs of a student who struggle in the area of Science. In addition, I implement.
The stages of scientific enquiry have been developed and refined over time, to add consistency of approach and structure to systematic investigation. However, in reality they are less well defined, due to sub-sequences and adaptations necessary to accommodate changing requirements. The extent and depth attainable within the stages are governed by the capabilities of the individuals involved.
If the procedure of scientific …show more content…. Constructivism accommodates the limitations of younger children due to their lack of experiential knowledge and motor dexterity, by focusing on specific scientific enquiry skills which are within their capability, such as handling resources and using the senses to explore the properties of materials.
Freezing and melting water to observe its different states is a practical example within the classroom. Stimulus and curiosity is achieved by encouraging interaction with water and freezing it in an engaging way; for example, filling a rubber glove before putting it into a freezer. It allows for the system to be viewed holistically.
Any education system has to be flexible and dynamic in order to adapt to the ever-evolving needs of society, which are typically driven by new knowledge and innovative technology. This has major implications for all levels of education. Exponential technological advances, especially those in the field of artificial intelligence, mean that attributes and skills such as creativity, critical thinking, and complex problem solving are needed in order to flourish. Students also need to learn skills of self-reliance, flexibility, and embrace the joys and rigours of lifelong learning in order to have fulfilled lives, be able to participate successfully in the global economy, and be critically engaged active citizens.
These skills and attitudes cannot only be inculcated during higher education study. This is yet another reason for the journal to continue embracing its bold philosophy of non-segmentation of the education system. In this first edition of - 13 1 - the journal boasts an eclectic mix of articles yet all are united in their commitment to enhancing education and the student experience whether it be at the higher education or school level. This can be seen in, for instance, the examining of the robustness of the use of a particular research methodology in master dissertations; the unspoken yet real expectations that teachers have of students in teaching practice; and pedagogical approaches in teaching and learning in both schools and higher education institutions.
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Of particular importance is the learner in the rural school. If our education system fails at this point, the rural child is severely limited in his or her life choices. This edition underlines the connections between the different layers of education. The use of appropriate methodology is the cornerstone of rigorous research hence the methodology has to be clearly stated and its use justified. If it is not suitable for the project in hand then the reliability and validity of the results are in doubt. In the first paper, the author is concerned about the rising use of case study methodology in master dissertations and the criticisms surrounding its use.
He investigates the robustness of this method using content quantative analysis with respect to 86 successfully completed. He finds that a number of methodological issues need to be addressed if the results of such studies are to be trustworthy. He makes recommendations that include the development and implementation of specific guidelines for case study research to ensure it is fit for purpose.
The next three articles deal with teaching and learning. The use of electronic assessment rather than paper-based assessment in the module End User Computing is the focus of the first. The author concludes there are benefits and disbenefits to both practices and so suggests that a blended method of assessment could be optimal.
The need for further studies is acknowledged. In the second of these three articles, the author is concerned about the high number of students who do not complete their higher education studies. She reports on her use of an inquiry-based approach to teaching and learning to address this. The research shows the potential of this method in creating critical thinkers and guidelines for implementation are provided.
While the next article explores digital story telling in schools, it could also be of interest to higher education practitioners. The findings show that this approach can foster student reflexivity and critical thinking. Although there are challenges with this pedagogical approach, it is worthy of further investigation.
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The following three articles all have implications for teacher education. In the first, a case study is used to determine the expectations that teachers have of students during teaching practice. This requires the review of the teacher education programme; its aims and intended learning outcomes as well as providing awareness sessions to schools to ensure alignment of understanding.
In the following article the authors conduct much needed research into conceptions of teaching and learning in rural schools. This is an area that needs attention. The third article in this cluster deals with teacher education and the underpreparedness of graduating teachers to teach in rural schools. A work integrated learning approach is investigated which results in a number of recommendations being made including those for the teaching education institutions and the Department of Basic Education and education districts.
In South Africa as elsewhere in much of the world, adolescent exposure to violence is a too frequent phenomenon. Whilst they find positive correlations between good support and achievement, the authors conclude that although support can foster academic achievement there is no generic formula; support needs to be carefully tailored to each individual circumstance for success. The Doctoral Corner comprises five abstracts of recently awarded doctoral degrees in areas such as: archiving and curation of knowledge, teaching and learning, management models in teacher training colleges, leadership in working class schools, and women leadership in disadvantaged schools.
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The publication of these alert researchers and practitioners to new research in their areas of interest. While it has become popular, particularly in the Social Sciences, it has been plagued by criticisms with regards to rigour. Rigour relates to the trustworthiness of findings, which can be enhanced by, firstly, providing evidence of the rationale used for selecting a case study research design and, secondly, by providing a convincing argument for case selection.
It was found that the majority of the dissertations lacked the following: definitions of case study research design; reference to key authors; rationale for selecting a case study research design; and reference to topologies employed for case selection. It is recommended that faculties develop specific guidelines to address the gaps regarding case study research design. Case study research has become popular amongst qualitative researchers, in particular in the Social Sciences Starman, In this regard, Yin , postulates that the lack of rigour evidenced in case study research is possibly the result of the scarcity of methodological texts to guide the researcher, when compared to those available for other research strategies.
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The objectives of the study were to establish the extent to which: in-text reference was made to case study authors; rationale was used for selecting a case study research design; and, criteria were used in case selection. These objectives were developed after taking into consideration the critical elements of case study research, which was informed largely by the contributions of the two foremost writers on case study research design: Yin , , and Stake This article begins with a literature review of the definitions of case study research design, which is followed by the contextualisation of case study research design as part of the qualitative research approach.
The elements of rigour and topologies used for case selection are then discussed. The literature review concludes with a discussion on the teaching of case study research design. This is then followed by a discussion of methodology and an analysis of the data set. Finally, conclusions are reached and recommendations are made.
Yin , defines case study research design as the in-depth investigation of contemporary phenomena, within a real-life context, by making use of multiple evidentiary sources that converge on the same series of issues. The plethora of definitions for case study research design clearly has a number of common elements, which can simply be summarised as being an in-depth study of contemporary phenomena that is bounded within real-life contexts.
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These definitions resonate more with the qualitative research approach than the quantitative research approach. Hence, Denzin and Lincoln categorise case study research design as a distinct qualitative research approach. Qualitative researchers, in pursuit of trustworthiness, often seek to satisfy the following four criteria, as identified by Guba : dependability, confirmability, transferability and credibility.
Dependability relates to the measure to which the rationale and methodological decisions are reported or provides an audit trail, thereby enabling the study to be replicated Casey et al. Transferability refers to the extent to which sufficient contextual information is reported in the research report to generalise the findings to other situations Shenton, Case study research design has been frequently debated with regard to its credibility Hyett et al.
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